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Borderline personality disorder is a mental health disorder that impacts the way you think and feel about yourself and others, causing problems functioning in everyday life. It includes self-image issues, difficulty managing emotions and behavior, and a pattern of unstable relationships. With borderline personality disorder, you have an intense fear of abandonment or instability, and you may have difficulty tolerating being alone.
Borderline personality disorder usually begins by early adulthood. The condition seems to be worse in young adulthood and may gradually get better with age. If you have borderline personality disorder, don’t get discouraged. Many people with this disorder get better over time with treatment and can learn to live satisfying lives.Show more products from Mayo Clinic Borderline personality disorder affects how you feel about yourself, how you relate to others and how you behave.
If you have fantasies or mental images about hurting yourself or have other suicidal thoughts, get help right away by taking one of these actions: Call 911 or your local emergency number immediately. Call a suicide hotline number. In the U.S., call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (1-800-273-8255) any time of day.
Call your mental health provider, doctor or other health care provider. Reach out to a loved one, close friend, trusted peer or co-worker. Contact someone from your faith community. If you notice signs or symptoms in a family member or friend, talk to that person about seeing a doctor or mental health provider.
If the relationship causes you significant stress, you may find it helpful to see a therapist yourself. As with other mental health disorders, the causes of borderline personality disorder aren’t fully understood. In addition to environmental factors — such as a history of child abuse or neglect — borderline personality disorder may be linked to: Some studies of twins and families suggest that personality disorders may be inherited or strongly associated with other mental health disorders among family members.
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In addition, certain brain chemicals that help regulate mood, such as serotonin, may not function properly. Some factors related to personality development can increase the risk of developing borderline personality disorder. These include: You may be at a higher risk if a close relative — your mother, father, brother or sister — has the same or a similar disorder. what is cluster b personality disorder.
Some people have lost or were separated from a parent or close caregiver when they were young or had parents or caregivers with substance misuse or other mental health issues. Others have been exposed to hostile conflict and unstable family relationships. Borderline personality disorder can damage many areas of your life.How To Detach From Someone With Borderline Personality Disorder
Borderline personality disorder has historically been viewed as difficult to treat. But, with newer, evidence-based treatment, many people with the disorder experience fewer or less severe symptoms, and an improved quality of life. It is important that people with borderline personality disorder receive evidence-based, specialized treatment from an appropriately trained provider.
Many factors affect the length of time it takes for symptoms to improve once treatment begins, so it is important for people with borderline personality disorder and their loved ones to be patient and to receive appropriate support during treatment. A licensed mental health professional—such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or clinical social worker—experienced in diagnosing and treating mental disorders can diagnose borderline personality disorder by: Completing a thorough interview, including a discussion about symptoms Performing a careful and thorough medical exam, which can help rule out other possible causes of symptoms Asking about family medical histories, including any history of mental illness Borderline personality disorder often occurs with other mental illnesses.
For example, a person with borderline personality disorder may be more likely to also experience symptoms of depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, or eating disorders. NIMH-funded studies show that people with borderline personality disorder who don’t receive adequate treatment are: More likely to develop other chronic medical or mental illnesses Less likely to make healthy lifestyle choices Borderline personality disorder is also associated with a significantly higher rate of self-harm and suicidal behavior than the general public.
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The service is available to everyone. The deaf and hard of hearing can contact the Lifeline via TTY at 1-800-799-4889. Contact social media outlets directly if you are concerned about a friend’s social media updates or dial 911 in an emergency. Read more on NIMH’s Suicide Prevention health topic page. How To Treat Borderline Personality Disorder At Home
Psychotherapy is the first-line treatment for people with borderline personality disorder. A therapist can provide one-on-one treatment between the therapist and patient, or treatment in a group setting. Therapist-led group sessions may help teach people with borderline personality disorder how to interact with others and how to effectively express themselves.
The very nature of borderline personality disorder can make it difficult for people with the disorder to maintain a comfortable and trusting bond with their therapist. Two examples of psychotherapies used to treat borderline personality disorder include: This type of therapy was developed for individuals with borderline personality disorder. DBT uses concepts of mindfulness and acceptance or being aware of and attentive to the current situation and emotional state.
CBT may help reduce a range of mood and anxiety symptoms and reduce the number of suicidal or self-harming behaviors. Read more on NIMH’s Psychotherapies health topic page. Because the benefits are unclear, medications are not typically used as the primary treatment for borderline personality disorder. However, in some cases, a psychiatrist may recommend medications to treat specific symptoms such as: mood swings depression other co-occurring mental disorders Treatment with medications may require care from more than one medical professional.
Talk to your doctor about what to expect from a particular medication. Read more in NIMH’s Mental Health Medications health topic. Some people with borderline personality disorder experience severe symptoms and need intensive, often inpatient, care. Others may use some outpatient treatments but never need hospitalization or emergency care. Families and caregivers of people with borderline personality disorder may also benefit from therapy.
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Some borderline personality disorder therapies include family members, caregivers, or loved ones in treatment sessions. This type of therapy helps by: Allowing the relative or loved one develop skills to better understand and support a person with borderline personality disorder Focusing on the needs of family members to help them understand the obstacles and strategies for caring for someone with borderline personality disorder. what are the different types of personality disorders.
More information about finding a health care provider or treatment for mental disorders in general is available on our Help for Mental Illness webpage. To help a friend or relative with the disorder: Offer emotional support, understanding, patience, and encouragement—change can be difficult and frightening to people with borderline personality disorder, but it is possible for them to get better over time Learn about mental disorders, including borderline personality disorder, so you can understand what the person with the disorder is experiencing Encourage your loved one who is in treatment for borderline personality disorder to ask about family therapy Seek counseling for yourself from a therapist.
If you have borderline personality disorder (BPD), you probably feel like you’re on a rollercoaster—and not just because of your unstable emotions or relationships, but also the wavering sense of who you are. Your self-image, goals, and even your likes and dislikes may change frequently in ways that feel confusing and unclear.People with BPD tend to be extremely sensitive. what is narcissistic personality disorder.
Small things can trigger intense reactions. And once upset, you have trouble calming down – what is personality disorder. It’s easy to understand how this emotional volatility and inability to self-soothe leads to relationship turmoil and impulsive—even reckless—behavior. When you’re in the throes of overwhelming emotions, you’re unable to think straight or stay grounded. You may say hurtful things or act out in dangerous or inappropriate ways that make you feel guilty or ashamed afterwards.
But it’s not. There are effective BPD treatments and coping skills that can help you feel better and back in control of your thoughts, feelings, and actions.In the past, many mental health professionals found it difficult to treat borderline personality disorder (BPD), so they came to the conclusion that there was little to be done.